This document is part of my discussion of the Decline of the Lifespans of the Númenóreans.  Please cite this essay if you quote it or use it.  You can e-mail me.

 

The Lifespans of the Ruling Stewards of Gondor and the Lords of Dol Amroth

 

At this point, not all the material in this document has yet been properly footnoted.  Although that is obvious, I thought I would say it anyway. 

 

The data presented here is from The Peoples of Middle-Earth, “The Heirs of Elendil”.  The data for the Stewards is from the C-text of “The Ruling Stewards of Gondor”, which is printed first in the chapter.

 

The Stewards were members of the House of Hurin of Emyn Arnen, who had been steward to King Minardil of Gondor.  At that time, the title of Steward seems not to have been hereditary, but after Hurin of Emyn Arnen, all the Stewards of Gondor were chosen from among his descendants.[i]  Three hundred years elapsed before Pelendur became Steward to Ondohir; after Pelendur, the title became hereditary.[ii] 

 

 

 

born

died

age

 

Comment

became Steward

years Steward

0[iii]

Pelendur

1879

1998

119

 

steward to Ondohir & Eärnil II; opposed the claim of Arvedui of Fornost to the throne of Gondor

 

 

0

Vorondil

1919

2029

110

 

made the horn born by Boromir in The Fellowship of the Ring

1998

31

1

Mardil Voronwe

1960

2080

120

 

steward to Earnur, last king of the House of Anarion: first Ruling Steward

2029

51

2

Eradan

1999

2116

117

 

second Ruling Steward

2080

36

3

Herion

2037

2148

111

 

 

2116

32

4

Belegorn

2074

2204

130

 

 

2148

56

5

Hurin I

2124

2244

120

 

 

2204

40

6

Turin I

2165

2278

113

 

 

2244

34

7

Hador

2245

2395

150

 

 

2278

117

8

Barahir

2290

2412

122

 

 

2395

17

9

Dior

2328

2435

107

 

 

2412

23

10

Denethor I

2375

2477

102

 

 

2435

42

11

Boromir

2410

2489

79

 

 

2477

12

12

Cirion

2449

2567

118

 

gave Calenardhon to Eorl and the Rohirrim to create Rohan, ally of Gondor

2489

78

13

Hallas

2480

2605

125

 

 

2567

38

14

Hurin II

2515

2628

113

 

 

2605

23

15

Belecthor I

2545

2655

110

 

 

2628

27

16

Orodreth

2576

2685

109

 

 

2655

30

17

Ecthelion I

2600

2698

98

 

 

2685

13

18

Egalmoth

2626

2743

117

 

 

2698

45

19

Beren

2655

2763

108

 

Saruman takes up residence in Orthanc

2743

20

20

Beregond

2700

2811

111

 

 

2763

48

21

Belecthor II

2752

2872

120

 

the White Tree dies

2811

61

22

Thorondir

2782

2882

100

 

 

2872

10

23

Turin II

2815

2914

99

 

 

2882

32

24

Turgon

2855

2953

98

 

 

2914

39

25

Ecthelion II

2886

2984

98

 

Aragorn II served him in the guise of Thorondor

2953

31

26

Denethor II

2930

3019

89

committed suicide

2984

35

27

Faramir[iv]

2983

3103

120

 

died IV 82.  last Ruling Steward; Prince of Emyn Arnen under Aragorn II, whose steward he remained

3019

84

 

Only two of the Stewards lived beyond 125 years, and only four of them lived longer than 120 years.

 

 

Imrazor was a nobleman of Belfalas.  He took the elf-maiden Mithrellas to wife; she was a companion of Nimrodel.  His son Galador was the first Lord of Dol Amroth.[v] 

 

 

 

birth

death

age

 

comments

reign

Corresponding Steward

0[vi]

Imrazor

1950

2076

126

 

married the elf Mithrellas

 

Mardil Voronwe

1

Galador

2004

2129

125

 

first Lord of Dol Amroth

[vii]

Herion

2

 

2060

2203

143

 

 

74

Belegorn

3

 

2120

2254

134

 

 

51

Turin I

4

 

2172

2299

127

 

 

45

Hador

5

 

2225

2348

123

 

 

49

Hador

6

 

2274

2400

126

 

 

52

Barahir

7

 

2324

2458

134

 

 

58

Denethor I

8

 

2373

2498

125

 

 

40

Cirion

9

 

2418

2540

122

 

 

42

Cirion

10

 

2463

2582

119

 

 

42

Hallas

11

 

2505

2623

118

 

 

41

Hurin II

12

 

2546

2660

114

 

 

37

Orodreth

13

 

2588

2701

113

 

 

41

Egalmoth

14

 

2627

2733

106

 

 

32

Egalmoth

15

 

2671

2746

75

"slain by Corsairs of Umbar"

13

Beren

16

 

2709

2799

90

"slain in battle"

53

Beregond

17

 

2746

2859

113

 

 

60

Belecthor II

18

 

2785

2899

114

 

 

40

Turin II

19

Aglahad

2827

2932

105

 

 

33

Turgon

20

Angelimir

2866

2977

111

 

 

45

Ecthelion II

21

Adrahil

2917

3010

93

 

 

33

Denethor II

22

Imrahil

2955

3054

99

 

died IV 35

44

Faramir[viii]

23

Elphir

2987

3087

100

 

died IV 57

33

Faramir

24

Alphros

3017

3115

98

 

died IV 95

28

Faramir

 

The declining lifespan of the Lords of Dol Amroth has a straight-line character similar to that seen among the Kings of Arnor and Gondor. 

 

 



[i] The Return of the King, “Appendix A”, “(iv) Gondor and the Heirs of Anárion”, “The Stewards”, first paragraph

[ii] It is an interesting fact that Pelendur supported the claim of Eärnil II to the throne of Gondor over that of Arvedui of Fornost on behalf of his wife Fíriel, the only surviving child of the previous king, Ondohir.  Only Eärnil had the authority to make such an important and powerful post as that of Steward hereditary.  The coincidence is rather suggestive of some sort of political deal, but perhaps this was enacted by Eärnil to signify his gratitude to Pelendur and trust in his judgment. 

[iii] Neither Pelendur nor Vorondil were Ruling Stewards.

[iv] Faramir was Ruling Steward for only 45 days until Aragorn was crowned King of Gondor.  In fact, however, Aragorn was already acting as King from the Battle of Pelennor Fields onward: Imrahil of Dol Amroth recognized him as such, and it seems that the Army of Gondor did, too, since they followed him and his banner into battle.  Indeed, Prince Imrahil commanded the heralds as the Army of Gondor passed through Ithilien reclaiming the territory of Gondor from Minas Morgul and the servants of Sauron, “’Say not The Lords of Gondor.  Say The King Elessar.  For that is true, even though he has not yet sat upon the throne; and it will give the Enemy more thought, if the heralds use that name.’” (The Return of the King, “The Black Gate Opens”)  Because of his ability to heal people struck with the Black Breath of the Nazgûl, the people of Minas Tirith also seem to have recognized Aragorn as their rightful king before he received the crown, and called him Elfstone for the green Elessar given him by Arwen through her grandmother, Galadriel, before the Fellowship of the Ring departed Lórien.  It is a lovely little jest that the first king of the renewed line of Elendil in Gondor, whose name in common means “Stone Land”, would be “Elessar”, meaning “Elf-stone”: thus it is that the king of the Land of the Stones is the Elf Stone.

[v] It is interesting to note that there was apparently no Lord of Dol Amroth until the Stewards came to power.  Eärnur, the last King of Gondor, died in III 2050.  That suggests that either Eärnur made Galador Lord of Dol Amroth before he left to duel the Lord of the Nazgûl while his father Imrazor was still alive, or else Mardil, the first Ruling Steward, made Galador the first Lord of Dol Amroth.  The latter situation seems to me the more likely: Mardil made Galador the first Lord of Dol Amroth.  The House of Hurin was already the leading family of Gondor after Eärnur went missing in action; but the history of Gondor and remembrances of its self-destructive civil war, the Kinstrife, might have made that position uneasy or even untenable should a pretender to the throne appear; indeed, it was precisely to avoid another civil that Mardil was made Ruling Steward by the Council of Gondor.  By creating Galador Lord of Dol Amroth, Mardil built another power base allied to him in Belfalas far from Minas Tirith.  It seems that by the time of the War of the Ring, the Lords of Dol Amroth had become the second most important family in Gondor.

[vi] Imrazor was not Lord of Dol Amroth.  He was a “nobleman of Belfalas”.

[vii] The length of the reign of Galador is unknown: we do not know what year he became Lord of Dol Amroth.

[viii] When Imrahil died, Aragorn Elessar was High King of Arnor and Gondor.